Types of Incontinence

As we have read in previous articles, incontinence is the lack of control over the bladder, hence the loss of urine through the urethra. There are many symptoms involved, starting from a small loss of urine to an abundant quantity of the same. This condition can affect both men and women.

To manage the problem in a more efficient way and get the right treatment, patients suffering from this condition need to be aware of the kind of incontinence they are going through. Regardless of the type a person is experiencing, they need to seek medical help as soon as possible to avoid more serious conditions.

 In this article, we mention and explain some of the most common types of incontinence, so that the right measures can be taken.

–    Overflow Incontinence

When a person experiences issues while evacuating the bladder, he or she may suffer from overflow incontinence. This occurs when the bladder stores an excessive amount of urine and there’s an obstruction, that does not allow the urine to flow freely. This condition can generate other severe problems like constant urinary tract infections.

–    Urge Incontinence

Urge incontinence, also called overactive bladder (OAB), is characterized by an immediate need to go to the restroom. However, most times, people suffering from this condition do not reach the toilet in time. This type of incontinence occurs when the bladder constricts too soon, thereby decreasing the normal control over it. Certain conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and strokes can greatly affect the nerves, hence leading to bladder problems.

 –   Stress Incontinence

This type of incontinence develops when the pressure of the bladder increases too much and the bladder outlet can no longer resist it.  This normally happens because the pelvic floor muscles and tissues weaken, causing urine to leak involuntarily. Pregnancy, childbirth, being overweight and menopause can contribute to this condition. Studies have shown that men who have gone through prostate surgery are also prone to experiencing this type of incontinence.

 –    Mixed Incontinence

This type is present when a person goes through both conditions: urge and stress incontinence.

 –   Fecal Incontinence

Also called Bowel Incontinence, this refers to the uncontrollable passing of solid or liquid stool from the rectum because of an underlying condition. Most patients going through this type of incontinence feel the strong, immediate need to go to the restroom, but many of them never get to the toilet in time. The severity of Fecal Incontinence can differ from releasing a small amount of feces to a complete loss of bowel management. This can negatively impact a person’s life, affecting them both emotionally and psychologically. Fecal Incontinence might be caused by conditions such as constipation, diarrhea, and debilitation of the sphincters. It can also be caused due to more prolonged conditions like dementia, multiple sclerosis and diabetes.

 –    Nocturnal Enuresis (Bedwetting)

Nocturnal Enuresis or Bedwetting Is an issue that mostly affects children. However, adults are not exempted from it. A person experiencing Nocturnal Enuresis can have the same symptoms experienced in Urge Incontinence, since bedwetting also causes a strong, immediate need to go to the restroom. However, most times, people suffering from this condition do not reach the toilet in time.

 It is of utmost importance that people who experience any of these types of incontinence get the right treatment, and also make the necessary changes to their lifestyles and overall habits. This can lead to great improvements of the symptoms. Once a specialist is visited, he or she will determine which is the best plan to follow to treat the specific situation.

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